This chapter considers cases of several kinds in which there is a special difficulty in arriving at a judgment of conscience. Some involve doubts of fact, while others concern difficulties in applying moral principles to facts.
Sometimes a person is in doubt about what is the right thing to do. Such doubts of conscience arise from a variety of sources. Some involve a doubt of fact, others doubt about a norm or its application, and still others a seeming moral conflict. In all doubts of conscience one ought to make a serious attempt to discover what truly is morally good.